While protecting various kinds of building structures, you can use many technologies, related devices, tools and equipment presented on trading platforms in a wide range. In this article, we’re trying to consider what waterproofing materials you need to use, what advantages they will bring to you and what stages of work are necessary to be completed.
Table of Contents
Waterproofing materials can resist the penetration of humidity. They are necessary in order to provide the customer reliable protection to certain structures from the destructive effects of direct contact with water. Besides, dampness leads to the rotting of wood, the formation of fungus and mold, the development of different bacteria, some deformation of vapor-permeable bases and corrosion processes on metal surfaces. If some temperature variation is observed, even concrete or ceramic objects might crack.
Stages of Work
The technological process, regardless of the types of materials used and the functional purpose of coatings, consists of the following main technological stages:
- surface preparation;
- completing waterproofing;
- coating formation (drying, curing, decorative finishing).
While preparing the surface, corrosion products (all the stains) are removed with different steel brushes or sandpaper circles. The pores and cracks on your surface are sealed with cement-sand mortar. The reinforcement protruding to the surface is cut off or cleaned of rust, and the cavity is sealed with a mortar. All dusty structures are cleaned with vacuum cleaners, compressed air, hair brushes. Finally, the surface is washed and dried.
Paint waterproofing is carried out in thin layers of 0.2-0.8 mm, and coating is done in thicker layers of 2-4 mm. Usual brushes are used for coating, painting is more often performed with some spray guns. The insulating layer is applied to the surface of structures after the primer one has dried. For the application of paint insulation, flame spraying is sometimes used.
There are several types of waterproofing materials regarding the installation technology and purpose. Such criteria as physical performance, chemical composition, and principle of operation are considered too. Each of the parameters is taken into account when choosing the right tool for a particular object. Of course, it’s more convenient to choose future exterior waterproofing services close to the place of your living. Here, you can be surer about the quality of work and the desired result.
In general, regardless of the classification of waterproofing materials, a number of general requirements are imposed on all samples. The most important thing is the ability to withstand any direct contact with water and not let it pass to the protected object. At the same time, vapor permeability is also significant, so let the base breathe freely. The operation of a particular base involves some temperature changes, and the compositions must maintain quality indicators and a given shape when frozen or heated for a long time (within the limits that are stated by the manufacturer). Tear-proved quality and elasticity are also important. Inertia to any biological formations (fungus, mold, bacteria) or chemical reagents can also be taken into account.
Materials for Walls
The vertical base can be in contact with the ground or be above the ground. The origin of the area is also a determining criterion for the choice: dense concrete, porous blocks, bricks or wood. You can use coating waterproofing materials, dry mixes, and cloths. Moreover, any wall protection is performed simultaneously by two types of waterproofing, for example, mastic with rolls and liquid with plasters.
Materials for Foundation
In the case of protecting your foundation, different masters always opt for rolled materials to complete waterproofing. Such materials are easy to fit, can withstand mechanical load or pressure from structures without any deformation or loss of quality. Canvases cover both the bases of houses and the blind area for decorating as well as the mineral cushion for definite elements of your building. Mastics are also used here, but only as additional protection, sealing the seams between the canvases and gluing them to a rigid base.
Materials for Pipelines
For long and winding channels, roll waterproofing isn’t always convenient to use. Paint materials are relevant, but almost all of them aren’t thick enough to form a uniform coating. As a result, the samples of pasting type are used here. The main thing is to choose the right solution, taking into account the temperature and mechanical type of your pipeline.
Benefits of Exterior Waterproofing
Exterior Waterproofing has its advantages. Choosing exterior waterproofing near me, I’ve found out that I’d like to recommend you to pay attention to the following benefits:
- it doesn’t allow water to enter the definite surface and thereby completely protects it from any destruction;
- most waterproofing materials are designed to be useful ever under the hard water pressure;
- you can complete some additional waterproofing from inside the structure, for example, with the help of coating vapor-permeable cement-based materials.
In conclusion, our advice is to choose wisely and find the best solution for yourself after the long research. It means that you need to find out everything and even more about your building, possible materials, technologies and methods. This article will help you to save time and write down some more details about exterior waterproofing.